The Second Covenant was ushered in with similar sounds and wonders. It happened in this manner. Acts 1st and 2nd chapter. Acts 2:1“And when the Day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all in one accord in one place. (2) And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. (3) And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat on each of them. (4) And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak in tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.” (36) Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God has made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. (37) Now when they had heard this they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
Peter, whom Jesus had given the keys to the Kingdom. Peter answered, (Acts 2:38) “Then Peter said unto them, Repent and be baptized every one of you in the Name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” Acts 2:39, For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to those that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. (40) And with many other words did he testify and exhort saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. (41) Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about 3,000 souls.
This was the new covenant, which Jesus told them about stating that Repentance and Baptism shall be preached in My Name beginning at Jerusalem, Luke 24:47.
Many of these devout men there converted by what they then saw and heard, to believe the Gospel; and, when they returned to their own countries, they carried back with them the news of the wonderful things which had taken place at Jerusalem. After this, the Apostles went forth "into all the world," as their Master had ordered them, to "preach the Gospel to every creature" (St Mark 16:15-18). The Book of Acts tells us something of what they did, and we may learn something more about it from the Epistles. And, although this is but a small part of the whole, it will give us some insight of the rest, if we consider that, while St. Paul was preaching in Asia Minor, Greece, and at Rome, the other Apostles were busily doing the same work in other countries.
The last chapter of the Acts leaves St. Paul at Rome, waiting for his trial on account of the things which the Jews had laid to his charge. We find from the Epistles that he afterwards got his liberty, and returned into the East. There is reason to suppose that he also visited Spain, as he had spoken of doing in his Epistle to the Romans 15:28). He was imprisoned again at Rome, where Emperor Nero persecuted the Christians very cruelly; and it is believed that both Peter and Paul were put to death there in 68ad. The bishops of Rome set up claims to great power and honor, because they said that St. Peter was the first bishop of their church, and that they were his successors. But although we may reasonably believe that the Apostle was martyred at Rome, there is not any evidence for thinking that he had been Bishop of Rome.
All the Apostles, except John, are supposed to have been martyred (or put to death for the sake of the Gospel). James the Less, who was bishop of Jerusalem, was killed by the Jews, about 62a.d.Christians were tortured, burned at the stake, cut asunder and for sport were cast to Lions and other wild animals at sporting events
Rome was the military conquering power of that time. They sent troops, and, after a bloody war, destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple in about 70a.d.
Thirty years after Herod's time another cruel emperor, Domitian, raised a fresh